1.  What does IS translate into?

2.  What does ISIS translate into?

3.  What does ISIL translate into?

4.  What is the Levant?

5.  What does the Islamic terrorist group refer to itself as?

6.  What does Barack Obama and his administration officially refer to the Islamic terrorist group as?

7.  Does ISIS include Israel?

8.  Does IS and ISIL include Israel?

1.  IS = Islamic State, which can also be referred to as a caliphate:  “Conceptually, a caliphate represents a sovereign state of the entire Muslim faithful, (the Ummah), ruled by a caliph under Islamic law (sharia).”  [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caliphate ] .  “In its self-proclaimed status as a caliphate, it claims religious authority over all Muslims across the world”  [  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_State_of_Iraq_and_the_Levant ] .

2.  ISIS = Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.  [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_State_of_Iraq_and_the_Levant ] .

3.  ISIL = Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.  [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_State_of_Iraq_and_the_Levant ] .

3.  Levant = “. . . a geographic and cultural region consisting of the ‘eastern Mediterranean littoral between Anatolia and Egypt’.  The Levant today consists of Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, and part of southern Turkey (the former Aleppo Vilayet).  [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levant ] and [ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_State_of_Iraq_and_the_Levant .]

4.  The Islamic terrorist group refers to itself as IS.

5.  Barack Obama and his administration refer to the Islamic terrorist group as ISIL.

6.  No.

7.  Yes.

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*Please also see:

IS, ISIS, or ISIL–or Daesh? France now says, “Daesh!”  (22 September 2014)

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